It is important for students to have a sense of belonging at university. Research shows that belonging is associated with higher levels of:
- Academic motivation (1)
- Engagement (2)
- Retention (3,1)
- Success (4)
- Wellbeing (1,2,5)
Explore this selection of literature to find out more about these associations with belonging. (Please revisit this page as we will continue to add links to the literature.)
- Suhlmann, M., Sassenberg, K., Nagengast, B., and Trautwein, U. (2018). Belonging mediates effect of student-university fit on well-being, motivation and drop out intention. Social Psychology, 49(1):16-28 https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000325
- Gopalan, M. and Brady, S.T. (2019). College students’ sense of belonging: A national perspective. Educational researcher, 49(2):134-137 https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X19897622
- Hausmann, L. R. M., Schofield, J. W., & Woods, R. L. (2007). Sense of belonging as a predictor of intentions to persist among African American and White first-year college students. Research in Higher Education, 48(7), 803–839.
- National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine . (2017). Supporting students’ college success: The role of assessment of intrapersonal and interpersonal competencies. National Academies Press.
- Baumeister, R. F., Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497–529. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.117.3.497